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Education is the foundation of the career of an individual and it determines the degree of his/her success one gets in life in materialistic and holistic terms. It is usually believed that education from a recognised and reputed institution fetches us a good job but today the youth does not get good jobs in spite of acquiring degrees from elite institutions though there are enough vacant positions offering employment in various fields. The reason for this is our skill deficient system of education that churns out thousands of ‘qualified’ graduates every year but without the necessary skills that are required by the industry. If we look into the reasons and try to find out the reasons for the skill mismatch, many factors come to the forefront as possible reasons for this. In India more than 50% population is below the poverty line and most parents engage their children in work to make both ends meet hence leading to a large percentage of dropouts at the school level in higher education.. A lack of conducive environment at the home is a must for a child to concentrate on his studies and there is a need for adoption programmes either by the government or NGOs to provide basic amenities to children so that they can look beyond their need of survival and gain knowledge which will help them to be employed and stay alive in a respectable manner. There is a need of a common basic agenda for the formulation of a policy that can ensure uniform access to education for all sections of the society.
Another challenge is the dearth of competent teachers with relevant skills and updated knowledge. The teachers do not upgrade themselves and they are not at par with their counterparts in other parts of the world because once the teachers are appointed no effort is made to enhance and upgrade their skills or knowledge. There is a dire need to ensure that our faculty undertakes professional development and keeps abreast with new researches and developments in their respective fields.The syllabi should be regularly upgraded at least every three years and it should be outcome and objective based. An assessment based education system based on practical education should be the base of all knowledge. The curriculum should also be skill centred and relevant to the demands of the industry.
Another aspect which has deteriorated the education system of India is the wrongly placed reservation system that works at the level of receiving education as well as of getting employment. The existing reservation policy is hampering the employment of the deserving and skilled workforce. The reservation needed today should be based on the economic status of the population and government should frame policies to ensure free education for this sector till at the level of secondary education. Further reservation may be given according to the child’s IQ and aptitude which will result in judicious use of resources. At the larger front it is felt that a political will for revamping of education system is missing. A complete overhauling of the reservation system, regular upgradation of the syllabus and teachers’ skills and a positive political will and thought is required to lead India to a new skilled India.